Officially Republic of Peru
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It is a sovereign country in western South America. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean and is bounded by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, and Bolivia and Chile to the southeast. Its territory is made up of diverse landscapes: valleys, plateaus and the high peaks of the Andes spread west to the desert coast and east to the Amazon. It is one of the most biologically diverse and mineral rich countries in the world.
Peruvian culture is diverse as a result of the intense mestizaje that originated in colonial times. To this is added the later influence of 19th-century migrations from China, Japan and Europe.
The main and most widely spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak a variety of native languages, the most widespread being Southern Quechua.
Politically, the country is organised as a presidential republic with a multi-party system structured under the principles of separation of powers and decentralisation.
Administratively, it is divided into 24 departments and the constitutional province of Callao.
5 ways to get to know Peru
There are many ways to get to know Peru, as it is a country with great geographical, cultural, historical and gastronomic diversity. Check out this fantastic guide for your trip:
1. Visit its cities
It has several interesting cities, such as Lima, Cusco, Arequipa, Trujillo, Piura, among others.
2. Explore its history
It is a country with a rich pre-Columbian, colonial and republican history, so it is possible to learn about its history through its archaeological ruins, museums and historical monuments.
3. Get to know its nature
It has a wide variety of natural landscapes, from the coast to the Amazon jungle, which makes it an ideal place for eco-tourism.
4. Enjoy its gastronomy
Peruvian cuisine is world-renowned and is an excellent way to get to know Peruvian culture.
5. Experience its culture
It has a rich and diverse culture, which includes music, dance, art and crafts, so it is possible to experience it through festivals and cultural events.
In short, there are many ways to get to know this wonderful country and each of them can offer a unique and enriching experience, such as Tourism and Gastronomy.
It is mainly directed towards archaeological monuments, as it has more than one hundred thousand archaeological sites. According to a study by the Peruvian government, the satisfaction rate of tourists after visiting Peru is 94%.
Every experience has a hidden richness. Find it!
The most visited places by tourists are the cities of Lima and its historic centre, Cuzco which is characterised by its Inca and colonial architecture but its main attractions are the Sacred Valley of the Incas and Machu Picchu, Arequipa for its historic centre, also for the Colca Valley and finally Puno for Lake Titicaca.
The main tourist circuit in the country is the southern circuit, which includes cities such as Ica, Nazca, Paracas, Arequipa, Chivay, Puno, Cuzco, Ayacucho and Puerto Maldonado, with architectural, cultural and natural attractions. The second most important route is the Callejón de Huaylas, in the department of Ancash, home to adventure tourism and the main reference point for the cuisine of the Novo-Andean region.
Peruvian cuisine today is considered one of the greatest dishes in the world. Its variety and influence from other cultures (Spanish, Italian, Chinese, Japanese, Arabic) make our food really special. Lima, our capital, is considered “The Gastronomic Capital of the Americas”.